As long as we are discussing fund/portfolio management today, have a read what Paul Farrell had to say in his Guide to Winning Portfolios. Its his review of a book he notes is boringly titled Index Funds. He summarizes many of the ideas in the book:
Step 1: Passive investors win
The game’s fixed. Active investors try to pick the winners from among thousands of stocks and funds. But prices are news-driven. And news is random and unpredictable. Worse yet, "experts" like Wall Street brokers, portfolio managers and traders have an "informational advantage" that makes it impossible for Main Street to beat them. They take advantage of naïve investors blindly throwing money at news tips.
Step 2: Nobel economists win
Hebner has the best survey I’ve seen of research by Nobel Prize-winning economists and other academics. Unlike Wall Street plugging an IPO client or some brokers hustling commissions, they’re objective and unbiased. All this research proves conclusively that indexing and simple asset allocation are the best way to win.
Step 3: Stock pickers lose
Wall Street brags about the stock-picking talents of active managers. Yet research says only 3% of them beat their benchmark, and it’s mostly luck. Stock-picking success is random. And today’s winners are rarely on top tomorrow.
Step 4: Market timers lose
Market timing is a fool’s game. Over a 10-year period, 88% of your returns will come from a brief 40 up days. Nobody can predict which 40 days. An academic study of 15,000 predictions by 237 timers concluded: There’s "no evidence that [market-timing] newsletters can time the market."
Step 5: Picking managers loses
Forget about picking next year’s hot managers. You can’t. The S&P 500 beat 97% of mutual fund managers for a 10-year period ending October 2004. In two 30-year studies, the S&P 500 outperformed 97% and 94% of the managers. And only 12% of the top-100 managers repeated.
Step 6: Style drifters lose
Active managers love playing with your money, churning portfolios. They’re gambling, it’s fun. Their average salary is more than $400,000 annually, even when they lose your money. One study proves that 40% of all funds drift from their stated objective. Reported holdings are months old, so you never really know what’s in any fund, or in your portfolio!
Step 7: Silent partners win
Before you make a dime invisible partners skim money off the top! They’re silent because the SEC doesn’t require funds to disclose details about who’s skimming: expenses, commissions, fees and taxes. In one 15-year study of taxable accounts, actively managed funds returned 50% of the gross, while index funds returned 85% to investors.
Step 8: Risk blindness
The sad truth is, most American investors don’t know that what they’re doing amounts to gambling. They chase short-term returns, follow hot tips, never really understanding the impact that timing and risk-taking have on their after-tax returns.
Step 9: History exposes
Managers come and go. Performance drifts unpredictably over the short term. Indexes are your only reliable source going back 80 years. Raw indexes, not actively managed funds, are the best measure of long-term portfolio risks.
Step 10: Risk capacity
What’s your risk profile? Your risk "capacity" is a combination of five factors: Personal tolerance for risk (anxiety level!), your investment IQ, net worth, income and savings rate, plus time to retirement or any special withdrawal needs. This book has a ton of information on how to determine your risk profile!
Step 11: Risk exposure
Over 90% of a portfolio’s returns are a function of asset allocation and not the specific funds, stocks and bonds. Active management has a negative effect on returns, draining off a third or more. Over a 50-year period, studies show that a diversified index portfolio will outperform the S&P 500.
Step 12: Invest and relax
Hebner says index and relax: The best way to maximize your returns is to avoid active trading, market timing and actively managed funds. Create and build a portfolio of index funds that works for your unique risk profile. Set it and forget it. Buy quality, rebalance periodically. And relax.
A virtual version of the book is online (free) and can be seen here.
UPDATE: February 13, 2005 5:12am
If you are a regular reader of this blog, you should recognize that I do not agree with everything Paul Farrell suggests. I am obviously an active trader, and I do a lot of market timing.
The purpose of this posting was to highlight the book . . .
Freakoindex Guide to Winning Portfolios!
Fabulous new indexing tool gets extreme (title) makeover
Paul B. Farrell
MarketWatch, 7:59 PM ET Feb. 6, 2006
Index Funds: The 12-Step Program for Active Investors (Hardcover)
Index Funds: The 12-Step Program for Active Investors (virtual download)