Words from the (investment) wise June 7, 2009

Words from the (investment) wise for the week that was (June 1 – 7, 2009)

Ups and downs on financial markets were plentiful during the past week, but investor sentiment, on balance, brightened on the back of constructive financial and economic data – capped by a better-than-expected US non-farm payrolls report on Friday.

“It appears that the global economy has finally found the ripcord,” said Rebecca Wilder (News N Economics) in her weekly review of global economic reports.

“The global economic reports are becoming saturated with signs of forming a bottom. Auto sales in Japan and the US are improving somewhat; exports are dangling in the double-digit loss rates; and GDP really couldn’t get much worse (the inventory cycle alone will create some growth). Finally, money growth rates are slowing, perhaps an indication that policymakers feel that the worst is behind us,” she commented.


Source: Scott Stantis, June 1, 2009.

As the risk appetite of investors swelled on the prospect that the global economy was on the mend, many stock markets reached their highest levels this year, and metals and oil continued their surge. After trending down since early March, the US dollar snapped back on the employment data, but government bonds tanked as yields rose to six-month highs. Interbank lending rates edged down, whereas corporate bond spreads touched their lowest levels since October. Gold and silver – strong performers in recent times – took a breather, but platinum gained strongly from better vehicle sales in many parts of the world.

The week’s performance of the major asset classes is summarized by the chart below.


Source: StockCharts.com

The MSCI World Index (+1.3%) and the MSCI Emerging Markets Index (+1.8%) last week added to the rally’s gains to take the year-to-date returns to +6.7% and a massive +38.8% respectively. Both these indices have only had one down-week since the advance commenced in early March.

The major US indices gained for a third straight week – and for the eleventh week out of the past 13 – as seen from the movements of the indices: S&P 500 Index (+2.3%, YTD +4.1%), Dow Jones Industrial Index (+3.1%, YTD _0.2%), Nasdaq Composite Index (+4.2%, YTD +17.3%) and Russell 2000 Index (+5.7%, YTD +6.2%).

The Dow remains the only major index still in the red for the year to date, albeit only by 0.2%, trailing the Nasdaq (+17.3%) by a wide margin.

Click here or on the table below for a larger image.


As far as non-US markets are concerned, returns ranged from top performers Vietnam (+16.3%), Serbia (+12.0%), Qatar (+10.9%), Egypt (+10.2%) and the Czech Republic (+10.0%), to the Ghana (-8.7%), Cyprus (-5.6%), Pakistan (-_5.3%), Croatia (-5.0%) and Estonia (-3.7%), which experienced headwinds. (Click here to access a complete list of global stock market movements, as supplied by Emerginvest.)

John Nyaradi (Wall Street Sector Selector) reports that as far as exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are concerned, the “ETF of the Month” was PowerShares India Portfolio (PIN), which gained a whopping +32.5% during May. The leaders for the week included Claymore/MAC Global Solar Energy (TAN) (+10.9%), Market Vectors Coal (KOL) (+9.4%) and United States Oil (USL) (+7.0%). Poor performers were again all things “short”, with notable laggards being ProShares Short Russell 2000 (RWM) (-7.8%), ProShares Short QQQ (PSQ) (-5.1%) and ProShares Short Dow30 (DOG) -5.4%.

The higher Treasury yields had a further negative impact on mortgage rates, with the 30-year fixed rate increasing by 19 basis points to 5.46% on the week and the 15-year fixed rate by 15 basis points to 5.02%, as indicated by Bankrate.com.

“That’s quite a jump,” said Donald Rissmiller, chief economist at New York-based Strategas Research Partners, in a Bloomberg interview. “The more rates go up, the more we need home prices to go down to equalize consumers’ payments. It’s those payments that have brought about a level of stability in housing unit sales.” Policymakers might be forced to increase their Treasury buy-backs.

The quote du jour comes from Dallas Fed President Richard Fisher who seems to share Bespoke‘s concern that listening to the rating agencies is like making investment decisions based on last month’s newspaper. In a recent Wall Street Journal interview, he said: “I served on corporate boards. The way rating agencies worked is that they were paid by the people they rated. I saw that from the inside.” He said he also saw this “inherent conflict of interest” as a fund manager. “I never paid attention to the rating agencies. If you relied on them you got … you know. You did your own analysis. What is clear is that rating agencies always change something after it is obvious to everyone else. That’s why we never relied on them.”

In other news, during his first visit to Beijing as Treasury secretary, Timothy Geithner went out of his way to assure the Chinese that their large holdings of US dollar assets were secure and that the US administration remained committed to a strong dollar and keeping inflation under control. Although the Chinese leaders did not again raise their unease that the US will inflate away its mounting debt, there were “plenty of other signs of concern”, including tough questioning at Peking University, reported the Financial Times.

Regarding the outlook for the Chinese renminbi versus the US dollar, James Grant (Grant’s Interest Rate Observer) said: “We are bearish on the renminbi. On the other hand, we are also bearish on the US dollar, euro, pound, Swiss franc and Zimbabwean dollar. We hate them all, with appropriate analytical nuances. Show us a monetary asset whose value is not subject to governmental debasement, and we will show you a Krugerrand.”

According to MarketWatch, President Barack Obama plans to announce on Monday how his administration is speeding up implementation of his $787 billion economic stimulus plan.

Oh yes, General Motors filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, and was duly replaced as one of the 30 constituents of the Dow, whereas a judge cleared the path for Chrysler to exit bankruptcy by approving the sale of the bulk of the automaker’s assets to a new entity to be managed by Italy’s Fiat.

Next, a quick textual analysis of my week’s reading. No surprises here, with the words “financial”, “bank”, “economy” and “market” still dominating the media. But, strikingly, “value” and “yields” have soared in prominence as pundits debate whether equities and government bonds have seen secular turning points.


Focusing on the US stock markets, the most recent Investors Intelligence sentiment report shows that 42.5% of portfolio managers are now bullish on equities versus 25.3% that are bearish. While the high level of bullish sentiment seems to indicate an overbought market, the spread of 17.2% between bulls and bears is still below the ten-year average of 19%, according to Bespoke.

Interestingly, Barclays Capital issued a report on Monday showing that only 17.5% of the 605 global investors interviewed for its quarterly FX investor sentiment survey thought risky assets have further to rise. “Just 4.5% of respondents believe the trajectory of the global economy over the next year will be ‘V-shaped’ – indicating weakness followed by a sharp recovery,” reported the Financial Times.

An analysis of the moving averages of the major US indices shows all the indices (with the exception of the Dow Jones Transport Index) above their 50- and 200-day moving averages and May 8 highs. The S&P 500, Nasdaq and Russell 2000 have also now surpassed their early January peaks.

Click here or on the table below for a larger image.


Kevin Lane, technical analyst of Fusion IQ said: “While crossing the 200-day line is more a psychological milestone than anything else, it does suggest that upward price strength momentum is persistent. Can we have pullbacks along the way still? Of course. However, there is now no real resistance on the S&P 500 until the 1,000 level. As long as breadth remains strong it is hard to expect any major corrections, but given the extended nature of the market we would keep trailing stops higher.”

On the downside, the levels from where the rally commenced on March 9 should hold in order for base formations to remain in force.

A useful indicator of market breadth is a chart showing the percentage of New York Stock Exchange stocks trading above their 50-day moving averages. Although this measure has declined from 94% in early May to 87% on Friday, it is still at a level typically seen at prior peaks during the bear market (see green chart below). This looks overdone in the short term. Secondary corrections aside, the primary trend of the market is now bullish as the bulk of the index constituents (66%) are trading above their 200-day averages (see red chart below).


Source: StockCharts.com


Source: StockCharts.com

Bill Gross, co-founder and co-CIO of PIMCO, advised the following in his latest newsletter: “Bond investors should confine maturities to the front end of yield curves where continuing low yields and downside price protection are more probable. Holders of dollars should diversify their own baskets before central banks and sovereign wealth funds ultimately do the same.

“All investors should expect considerably lower rates of return than what they grew accustomed to only a few years ago. Staying rich in the ‘new normal’ may … require investors to resemble … Will Rogers, who opined in the early 30s that he wasn’t as much concerned about the return on his money as the return of his money.”

From across the pond, David Fuller (Fullermoney) said: “We could be seeing one of those occasional all-change signals in terms of short-term trends. Basically, while medium-term trends are bullish for stock markets and commodities, but bearish for the USD and long-dated government bond prices, many of these trends are overstretched in the short term. For leading stock markets, this will probably be limited to reversion to the mean in terms of 200-day moving averages, which are beginning to rise.”

And lastly, John Murphy (StockCharts.com) concurs, remarking: “As good as the spring rally has been, I believe the market is still in need of some corrective action (or consolidation) before moving substantially higher. V bottoms are extremely rare. W bottoms are a lot more common. So are head and shoulder bottoms. It seems unlikely that the market will continue to rally in a straight line. More basing activity is most likely needed. And that’s going to require more time.”

I am busy studying the relationship between stock market movements and the Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) and should have a post on this up on the site within the next few days. Keep an eye out for this article to cast light on the likely outcome of the battle between the bulls and bears.

For more discussion on the direction of stock markets, also see my recent posts “Video-o-rama: Figuring out the lie of the financial land“, “Baltic Dry Index – more than a snap-back rally“, “Asian markets won’t retest lows, says Chris Wood“, “Secular bull in commodities remains intact“, “How far can the dollar fall?“, “Technical talk: Breaching the 200-day line” and “Green shots or smoking weeds?“. (Also, Donald Coxe’s webcast has been updated for June 5 and makes for good listening. This can be accessed from the sidebar of the Investment Postcards site.)


The global economy continues to make its way back from the abyss and based on the relationship between the US/EU/Japan PMI and global industrial production, better tidings seem to be in the offing. But although stabilization has set in, the PMIs for all the countries besides China are still below 50 and therefore need to do more work before entering the expansion phase.


Source: US Global Investors – Weekly Investor Alert, June 5, 2009.

In line with market expectations, the Bank of England (BoE) Monetary Policy Committee and the European Central Bank (ECB) left their key policy interest rates at 0.5% and 1.0% respectively. The BoE also decided to continue with its current £125 billion asset purchase programme which it began in March, whereas the ECB announced a €60 billion plan to buy euro-denominated covered bonds.

Turning to the US, a snapshot of the week’s economic data is provided below. (Click on the dates to see Northern Trust‘s assessment of the various data releases.)

June 5

• Mixed bag of labor market news – a tad more positive than negative

June 4

• Jobless Claims report points to small but noteworthy improvements • Revisions of output raise productivity estimate – trend needs to improve

June 3

• Chairman Bernanke’s testimony touches on expected issues, emphasizes fiscal balance • Challenger report points to sharp decline in layoffs • ISM Non-manufacturing Survey slightly better

June 2

• Auto Sales advanced in May • Pending Home Sales Index surges in April

June 1

• ISM Manufacturing Survey advances in May, noteworthy jump of New Orders Index • Increase in Personal Income reflects impact of fiscal stimulus, consumer spending remains weak • Construction Spending advances in April, reflecting positive contribution from residential sector

Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke in his testimony to the House Budget Committee on Wednesday reiterated his view that he was expecting to see growth “later this year”. He cautioned as follows: “Even after a recovery gets under way, the rate of growth of real economic activity is likely to remain below its longer-run potential for a while, implying that the current slack in resource utilization will increase further. We expect the recovery will only gradually gain momentum and that economic slack will diminish slowly. In particular, businesses are likely to be cautious about hiring, and the unemployment rate is likely to rise for a time, even after economic growth resumes.”

Employment losses were far lower than expected in May, with non-farm payrolls declining by 345,000, well below the expected 520,000. Bespoke prepared a scatter chart that compares the monthly non-farm payrolls data with the difference between the actual number and the estimates. Going back to 1998, this month’s report appears to be an outlier. Although still one of the weakest job reports over the last 11 years, it was also the third-best when comparing actual data to estimates.


Source: Bespoke, June 5, 2009.

A research note by Merrill Lynch (via US Global Investors) directed the attention to the ECRI Weekly Leading Index that has rebounded sharply from the lows and has improved for ten consecutive weeks. “This index is a timely leading indicator for future GDP growth and while it is not out of recession territory yet it appears to be well on its way, as indicated in the chart,” said the report.


Source: US Global Investors – Weekly Investor Alert, June 5, 2009.

Given the “less bad” economic reports, investors in interest rate futures are now betting the Fed will hike rates by year-end, according to MarketWatch. The December Fed funds futures contract on Friday priced in a Fed funds rate of approximately 0.5% compared with 0.3% a week ago.

Summarizing the economic outlook for the US, Asha Banglore (Northern Trust) said: “The Fed is in a watch-and-wait mode. Credit market spreads have narrowed significantly from their highs in the early part of the year. Positive economic reports by way of the ISM Manufacturing Survey, stability of home sales, glimmers of improvement in the May employment data, a decline in continuing jobless claims, and the downward trend of initial jobless claims are factors that are encouraging. The coast is not clear and more is necessary to declare the recession has ended.”

The last words come from David Rosenberg, chief economist & strategist of Gluskin Sheff & Associates: “Recession pressures may well be subsiding next to the sharp contraction earlier this year; however, deflation risks are not only lingering but in fact are intensifying. We still believe the V-shape recovery hopes that have underpinned the equity market while undermining the bond market in recent months will inevitably prove to be under water.”

Week’s economic reports

Click here for the week’s economy in pictures, courtesy of Jake of EconomPic Data.


Time (ET)




Briefing Forecast

Market Expects


Jun 1

8:30 AM

Personal Income






Jun 1

8:30 AM

Personal Spending






Jun 1

10:00 AM

Construction Spending






Jun 1

10:00 AM

ISM Index






Jun 2

10:00 AM

Pending Home Sales






Jun 2

2:00 PM

Auto Sales





Jun 2

2:00 PM

Truck Sales





Jun 3

8:15 AM

ADP Employment Change






Jun 3

10:00 AM

Factory Orders






Jun 3

10:00 AM

ISM Services






Jun 3

10:30 AM

Crude Inventories






Jun 4

8:30 AM

Initial Claims






Jun 4

8:30 AM

Productivity – Revised






Jun 4

8:30 AM

Unit Labor Costs






Jun 5

8:30 AM

Average Workweek






Jun 5

8:30 AM

Hourly Earnings






Jun 5

8:30 AM

Nonfarm Payrolls






Jun 5

8:30 AM

Unemployment Rate






Jun 5

3:00 PM

Consumer Credit






Source: Yahoo Finance, June 5, 2009.

In addition to the release of the Fed’s Beige Book (June 10) and the meeting in Rome of the G8 finance ministers (June 11 & 12), the US economic highlights for the week include the following:


Source: Northern Trust

Click here for a summary of Wachovia’s weekly economic and financial commentary.


The performance chart obtained from the Wall Street Journal Online shows how different global financial markets performed during the past week.


Source: Wall Street Journal Online, June 5, 2009.

James W. Frick said: “Don’t tell me where your priorities are. Show me where you spend your money and I’ll tell you what they are.” (Hat tip: Charles Kirk.)

Let’s hope that the news items and quotes from market commentators included in the “Words from the Wise” review will help Investment Postcards readers to prioritize properly and spend their investment dollars judiciously.

For short comments – maximum 140 characters – on topical economic and market issues, web links and graphs, you can also follow me on Twitter by clicking here.

That’s the way it looks from a wintery Cape Town.


Source: John Darkow, Columbia Daily Tribune, June 3, 2009.

David Fuller (Fullermoney): Outlook for major asset classes “Cash (fiat currency positions) – These need to be managed if purchasing power is to be preserved. For instance, barely two months ago people were still referring to the USD as a ‘safe haven’, but it is predictably and clearly sliding once again. In contrast, the currencies of emerging Asia/Pacific and resources exporters are in fashion once again.

“Monetary metals – We are living through the greatest monetary reflation in global history. Until reined in, this is the key driver of many trends. Connecting the dots, precious metals such as gold, silver and platinum are obvious beneficiaries.

“Commodities – Chart action supports Fullermoney’s contention that the commodity supercycle was sharply interrupted by the global recession, not halted. We still have a chance to repurchase many of these resources cheaply once again, before they reach price levels which choke off demand. Inflation hedge money is moving into most commodities. Fullermoney has previously mentioned a resources war, hopefully of the non military variety. Currently, this is being won by China which continues to boost its strategic reserves, while also using its financial surplus to secure long-term supplies at attractive prices.

“Stock markets – Equities are proving to be inflation hedges and economic recovery candidates of choice, along with monetary metals plus industrial and agricultural commodities. Consequently the next bubbles will emerge from these groups, as I have said before. However performance varies considerably. Price charts are the best guide and Fullermoney themes – emerging Asia, resources, technology – remain in leading positions. We can expect a multi-month correction once this maturing first upward leg runs out of momentum. For leaders, this will probably be limited to reversion to the mean in terms of 200-day moving averages, which are beginning to rise.

“Government bonds – The bear market in long-dated issues is underway, although it may experience some temporary respite when stock markets undergo corrections. Among corporate bonds, conservative investors may prefer to not stray from quality issues, unless you are specialists in this area. Too many corporate hangovers are due to excessive balance sheet leverage.”

Source: David Fuller, Fullermoney, June 3, 2009.

Financial Times: Fed dismisses Tarp objections

“US regulators insisted that JPMorgan Chase and American Express raise equity this week before repaying bail-out funds, in spite of strong objections from executives who claimed the banks did not need the money, people close to the situation said.

“In fraught talks last week, Wall Street chiefs disagreed with the authorities over whether the Federal Reserve should require an equity offering as a condition for inclusion in the first wave of repayers of the troubled asset relief programme.

“People close to the situation said the Fed imposed the requirement on JPMorgan and Amex because they were the only institutions that had passed the recent ‘stress tests’ but had not yet raised equity.

“The offerings by JPMorgan, which sold $5 billion of shares on Tuesday, and Amex, which raised $500 million, took many investors by surprise because the two were among the eight banks deemed not to need capital after last month’s tests.

“Jamie Dimon, JPMorgan’s chief executive, said on Monday he did not believe that the ability to tap capital markets should have been a relevant test for his bank.

“‘Any argument you could think of, you could assume we made with our regulators. And, as you could also expect, they won,’ he said. ‘The primary reason was access to equity capital markets, and it’s hard for me to imagine that really applies in JPMorgan’s case.'”

Source: Francesco Guerrera, Henny Sender and Krishna Guha, Financial Times, June 4, 2009.

Financial Times: CCB reveals aversion to western bank stakes

“Chinese banks are shunning investments in western banks because they hold doubts about their financial health, one of China’s most senior bankers has warned.

“Guo Shuqing, chairman of China Construction Bank, said Chinese banks also were being deterred by a lack of growth potential in developed markets

“‘It’s very difficult at the moment because there are still so many uncertainties,’ Mr Guo told the Financial Times in an interview on Monday. ‘We are not very interested on expanding our business in developed countries because the market is limited and growth potential is not there because of over-banking.’

“The warning came as Goldman Sachs on Monday sold up to $1.9 billion worth of shares in Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, in the latest high-profile divestment of stock in a mainland lender.”

Source: Jamil Anderlini and Sundeep Tucker, Financial Times, June 1, 2009.

Bloomberg: Dudley’s TALF comments add signs of a PPIP stall

“The Federal Reserve may not start lending against residential mortgage-backed securities under its Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility, Federal Reserve Bank of New York President William Dudley indicated.

“‘We’re still in the process of assessing whether a legacy RMBS program is feasible, and if it were feasible, whether it would be significant enough to make a major impact,’ Dudley said at a conference today in New York hosted by the Securities and Financial Markets Association and Pension Real Estate Association.

“His comments add to signs that Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner’s Public-Private Investment Program to boost debt prices and rid banks of devalued assets to expand lending is stalling, after helping to spark a rally in stocks and bonds. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. yesterday delayed a test sale of bad loans held by US banks that had been billed as a tryout for its role.

“Responding to questions after a speech at the conference, Dudley said each home-loan security is different and must be separately evaluated for the size of the haircut that should be applied, so ‘there’s a huge administrative hurdle’ to expanding the TALF to the bonds.

“Under the PPIP, which was announced in March, funds run by private managers buying so-called legacy securities may be able to supplement Treasury co-investments and loans with additional TALF financing. Under a ‘Legacy Loans Program’, FDIC-guaranteed debt would provide the leverage.

“TALF loans may also be available to other investors as the government seeks to boost prices for the more than $2.5 trillion of US residential and commercial mortgage bonds without government backing to free banks and funds to create new credit.

“Since the PPIP was announced, US banks have raised capital through stock sales and by converting preferred shares, and as of yesterday the total reached almost $100 billion, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.”

Source: Jody Shenn, Bloomberg, June 4, 2009.

CNBC: GM CEO discusses bankruptcy

“General Motors CEO Fritz Henderson discusses his company’s bankruptcy filing and what’s next for the automaker, with CNBC’s Phil Lebeau.”

Source: CNBC, June 1, 2009.

Jon Stewart (The Daily Show): BiG mess

“As long as the American taxpayers are buying companies like GM, is there any way they could grab a couple of them that make money?”

The Daily Show With Jon Stewart M – Th 11p / 10c
BiG Mess
Daily ShowFull Episodes Political Humor Economic Crisis

Source: Jon Stewart, The Daily Show, June 2, 2009.

CNBC: Reviving the global economy

“World leaders are gathering in Russia for answers on how to prevent another financial crisis and build a sustainable economy. CNBC’s Maria Bartiromo is at the event.”

Source: CNBC, June 5, 2009.

Bloomberg: Zoellick warns stimulus “sugar high” won’t stem unemployment

“World Bank President Robert Zoellick warned policy makers that fiscal-stimulus plans are insufficient to turn around the ‘real economy’ and rising joblessness threatens to set off political unrest across the globe.

“‘While the stimulus has given an impulse, it’s like a sugar high unless you eventually get the credit system working,’ Zoellick said in an interview yesterday with Bloomberg Television. ‘When unemployment increases, that’s probably the most political combustible issue.’

“Zoellick’s caution is a contrast with private economists, who are raising their outlooks for growth from India to China as stimulus measures take effect. The biggest developed and emerging nations have committed spending increases and tax cuts totaling 2% of their combined economies, a level the International Monetary Fund recommended to end the recession.

“The World Bank is monitoring private companies’ abilities to roll over ‘a lot’ of debt in the developing world, Zoellick said. At the same time, he played down risks to the global recovery posed by rising US Treasury yields, saying that ‘in terms of absolute levels, rates are still pretty low for most players’.

“Zoellick also said that the dollar will remain the world’s main currency ‘for a long time’, and noted that investors flocked to the dollar as a haven during the worst parts of the financial crisis.”

Source: Timothy Homan, Bloomberg, May 30, 2009.

Bespoke: International Purchasing Manager Indices on the up

“While the stabilization of economic activity in the US has been well documented, similar trends have been evident across the globe. The charts below show the monthly Purchasing Managers Indices for some of the largest global economies.

“For each of these indices, readings over 50 indicate a growing economy, while readings below 50 imply contraction. As shown, the PMIs for each country have shown sharp rebounds from their lows earlier in the year. However, while stabilization is better than nothing, the PMIs for every country with the exception of China are still below 50.”




Source: Bespoke, June 3, 2009.

John Authers (Financial Times): Decoupling retold

“John Authers says this time there is a difference in the emerging markets decoupling story – the market really seem to believe it.”


Click here for the article.

Source: John Authers, Financial Times, June 4, 2009.

Financial Times: Geithner says China backs US stimulus

“China has expressed confidence in the US economy and the Obama administration’s policies on fighting the recession, the US Treasury secretary said on Tuesday.

“Speaking on the second day of a closely watched visit to Beijing, Tim Geithner said there was ‘a very sophisticated understanding’ in China about why the US needs to run large budget deficits in the short term, although he repeated the pledge to sharply reduce deficits when the crisis is over.

“‘I sense_ … _a fair amount of confidence not just in the basic underlying strength of the US economy but in our capacity not just to solve this crisis, to get growth back on track, but to go back to living within our means,’ Mr Geithner told reporters.

“During the visit, his first to Beijing as Treasury secretary, Mr Geithner went out of his way to assure the Chinese that their large holdings of US dollar assets were secure and that the administration remained committed to a strong dollar and keeping inflation under control.

“In recent months, Chinese leaders have issued a string of warnings about the risks that the US will inflate away its mounting debt burden.

“Although Chinese officials did not bring up the issue again in public during the visit, there were plenty of other signs of concern, including the tough questioning Mr Geithner received from students after giving a speech at Peking University.

“Mr Geithner said that his confidence in the US dollar was shared by Beijing. ‘I believe the Chinese expect the dollar to be the principal reserve currency for a long period of time, as do we,’ he said.

“Mr Geithner said the two countries had already demonstrated they could co-operate in laying a foundation for economic recovery. ‘I think probably because of the actions put in place by your government and by President Obama, we are starting to see some early signs of stabilisation and recovery in the global economy,’ he said in a meeting with Hu Jintao, China’s president.

“Mr Hu said the visit by Mr Geithner, who irritated Beijing when he said during his confirmation hearing that China ‘manipulated’ its currency, had helped improve co-operation between the two countries.”

Source: Kathrin Hille, Financial Times, June 2, 2009.

Financial Times: US dollar backed as reserve currency

“A leading Chinese financial official on Monday rejected suggestions the US dollar could be replaced quickly as the global reserve currency, as US Treasury secretary Tim Geithner arrived in China on his first official visit.

“‘In the short term I don’t think we can find another currency to replace the US dollar,’ said Guo Shuqing, chairman of China Construction Bank and former head of the country’s foreign exchange administrator. ‘The US dollar is the main currency because their economy is number one in terms of competitiveness, in terms of innovation.’

“Speaking in an interview with the Financial Times, Mr Guo also raised doubts about a proposal from China’s central bank governor, Zhou Xiaochuan, to replace the dollar with a ‘super-sovereign reserve currency’ based on special drawing rights issued by the International Monetary Fund.

“‘We’ve had SDRs for many years but everybody knows they don’t work so well,’ said Mr Guo. ‘People worry about US dollars very much because of the imbalances in the current account but that has been the case for many years – they have had a deficit in the current account since the very beginning of the 1970s.’

“The bulk of China’s total international investment position is held in US dollar assets and only 6% is in the form of direct investment.

“Fears that US moves to tackle the recession could undermine the value of the dollar have led to calls from senior Chinese officials, including Mr Zhou, for more conservative fiscal policy and suggestions that the dollar be replaced as the world’s reserve currency.”

Source: Lionel Barber, Martin Wolf, Jamil Anderlini and Kathrin Hille, Financial Times, June 1, 2009.

Carpe Diem: Treasury spread model suggests economic recovery has started

“According to the New York Fed, ‘Research beginning in the late 1980s documents the empirical regularity that the slope of the yield curve is a reliable predictor of future real economic activity.’

“The New York Fed just released its latest ‘Probability of US Recession Predicted by Treasury Spread’, with data through May 2009, and the Fed’s recession probability forecast through May 2010. The NY Fed’s model uses the spread between 10-year and 3-month Treasury rates (currently at 3.11%) to calculate the probability of a recession in the United States twelve months ahead.

“The Fed’s data show that the recession probability peaked during the October 2007 to April 2008 period at around 35-40%, and has been declining since then in almost every month. For May 2009, the recession probability is only 1.54% and by May 2010 the recession probability is only .17%, the lowest level since June 2005.

“Further, the Treasury spread has been above 2% for the last 15 months, a pattern consistent with the economic recoveries following the last six recessions. The pattern of the recession probability index so far this year (going below double-digits and declining monthly) is very similar to the pattern starting in March 2002 that signalled the end of the 2001 recession.


“Bottom line: Looking forward to next year, there is almost no chance that the recession will continue into 2010. Further, my reading of the New York Fed’s Treasury spread model suggests that an economic recovery is probably already underway, and the Fed’s model predicts the end of the recession in 2009.”

Source: Mark Perry, Carpe Diem, June 4, 2009.

Financial Times: US sees light at end of the tunnel

“Is the US recession over? A handful of bullish economists are starting to claim that it is, or that it very soon will be.

“‘The trough of the recession is imminent, if it has not already been passed,’ said Neal Soss, chief economist at Credit Suisse.

“‘I have declared the recession (almost) officially over,’ Marc Prado, market strategist at Cantor Fitzgerald, told clients this week. ‘The May data clearly has turned the corner.’

“This is still very much a minority view. Most economists think the economy is stabilising but the low point has not yet been reached.

“‘It is not impossible. But it seems early to me, with payrolls still contracting at 500,000 plus as of May,’ said Jan Hatzius, chief economist at Goldman Sachs.

“Richard Berner, chief US economist at Morgan Stanley, agrees. ‘I think a few months later – perhaps September to October.’

“The National Bureau of Economic Research business cycle dating committee, which decides when recessions begin and end, has not even begun discussing the end date and will probably not reach a verdict for 18 months or more.

“But the fact that the end of the recession is being discussed at all is a sign of how far the debate has moved on. The ‘recession is over’ camp highlights new claims for unemployment benefits and new orders for manufacturing goods.”

Source: Krishna Guha and Sarah O’Connor, Financial Times, June 4, 2009.

Financial Times: US car sales boost mirrors global rise

“All major carmakers posted higher sales in the US last month than in April, with heavy discounting boosting even General Motors and Chrysler, which are both in bankruptcy protection.

“The US uptick mirrors an improvement in many other parts of the world. The market is ‘starting to make a turn for the positive’, said Mike DiGiovanni, GM sales analyst. ‘We think we are starting to emerge from this global downturn.’

“Mr DiGiovanni estimated that worldwide car and light truck sales rose to an annualised 63.6 million units in May, from 60 million in April and a trough of 56 million last November.

“Industry sales in China soared 47% in the year to May, with GM posting a 75% jump. ‘That market is smoking hot,’ Mr DiGiovanni said, ascribing the surge to government stimulus measures.

“In the US, sales rose to an annual rate of 9.9 million units in May – well below the 14.3 million units sold in May 2008, but up from an average of 9.5 million in the first four months of the year, according to Autodata.”

Source: Bernard Simon, Financial Times, June 2, 2009.

Financial Times: Bernanke warns on deficit

“Ben Bernanke urged Congress on Wednesday to act now to bring down long-term budget deficits, warning that a failure to do so might lead to a future debt trap.

“The Federal Reserve chairman said the recent sharp increases in bond yields ‘appear to reflect concern about large federal deficits’ as well as improved optimism about the economy and other factors.

“Mr Bernanke said large deficit-funded actions to fight the crisis were ‘necessary and appropriate’. But he said ‘near-term challenges must not be allowed to hinder timely consideration of the steps needed to address fiscal imbalances’.

“Warning of the risk of a future debt trap, he said: ‘We cannot allow ourselves to be in a situation where the debt continues to rise. That means more and more interest payments, which swell the deficit, which leads to an unsustainable situation.’

“The Fed chief’s warning came as he reiterated his view that he expects to see growth ‘later this year’ with ‘some stabilisation in final demand including consumer spending’. However, he remained cautious with numerous caveats.

“Mr Bernanke said that to encourage lenders to finance the US at reasonable rates ‘we do have to persuade them that we are going to be serious about returning to a more balanced fiscal situation going forward’.

“Mr Bernanke made no reference to the possibility of increasing Fed purchases of Treasuries to lean against the rise in yields.

“In effect, he put responsibility for dealing with debt concerns squarely in the hands of Congress and the Obama administration.

“‘The Federal Reserve will not monetise the debt,’ Mr Bernanke said.”

Source: Krishna Guha, Financial Times, June 4, 2009.

Paul Ashworth (Capital Economics): The Fed’s next move

“Speculation that the Federal Reserve could soon expand its asset-purchasing scheme to halt the recent rise in Treasury yields looks misplaced, believes Paul Ashworth at Capital Economics.

“‘We expect the Fed to remain sidelined for now for a number of reasons,’ he says.

“First, the rise in actual borrowing costs for households and companies has been a lot more modest than the jump in the 10-year Treasury yield, Mr Ashworth says.

“Second, Fed officials are likely to view the rebound in yields as, at least partly, a consequence of the improvement in economic and financial conditions.

“Third, to the extent that the recent rise in yields reflects concerns about the ballooning Federal budget deficit, the Fed won’t want to risk being seen to be monetising that deficit.

“Fourth, he says, the Fed still hasn’t bought half the assets that it has already pledged to purchase – so it still has a lot of work to do.

“Finally, the more assets the Fed buys now, the harder it will be for it to shrink its balance sheet back down when the time comes.

“‘The Fed evidently is not targeting a certain level for Treasury yields,’ Mr Ashworth says. ‘But that does not necessarily mean yields will continue climbing inexorably.

“‘Our view is that yields will drop back as the economic recovery proves disappointing and falling wages return the focus to the dangers of deflation.'”

Source: Paul Ashworth, Capital Economics (via Financial Times), June 4, 2009.

Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): Mixed bag of labor market news – a tad more positive than negative

“The unemployment rate rose to 9.4% in May, the highest since July 1983. The jobless rate is a lagging indicator which peaks at the conclusion of a recession or several months after the end of a recession. Our forecast of a recovery in the fourth quarter of 2009 implies a higher unemployment rate by the end of the year or in the early part of 2010. The Supervisory Capital Assistance Program (stress test) assumes an 8.4% and 8.8% annual average unemployment rate in 2009 and 2010 under the baseline scenario. The more adverse alternate scenario assumes jobless rate averages of 8.9% and 10.3%, respectively, in 2009 and 2010. The average unemployment rate in the first five months of 2009 is 8.5%.

“Nonfarm payrolls fell 345,000 in May, following upward revisions of March and April estimates which resulted in 82,000 fewer job losses during these months. The pace of job losses in May is noteworthy because it is noticeably smaller than the average losses seen in recent months (average of job losses three months ended April is 612,000 and six months ended April is 643,000).”


Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, June 5, 2009.

CNBC: Bond King parses jobs data

“Pimco’s William Gross parsing today’s employment report data.”

Source: CNBC, June 5, 2009.

Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): ISM manufacturing advances

“The ISM manufacturing survey for May shows a further improvement in factory conditions in May from the trough of December 2008. The composite index moved up 2.7 points to 42.8, which is still associated with a contracting factory sector but at a significantly slower pace that the cycle low pace registered in December. Readings below 50 are associated with a decline in activity. Indexes tracking new orders, production, supplier deliveries, exports, and imports were higher in May compared with the prior month’s readings.”


Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, June 1, 2009.

Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): ISM Non-Manufacturing Survey slightly higher

“The non-manufacturing ISM composite index moved up slightly to 44.0 in May from 43.7 during April, denoting a smaller contraction in the pace of activity during May versus April. Indexes tracking new orders (44.4 versus 47.0 in April), exports, and imports fell in May, while indexes measuring employment (39.0 versus 37.0 in May) and supplier deliveries (50.0 versus 45.5 in May) advanced. The overall tone of the report was soft, raising expectations of a likely robust increase in June, given the nature of other incoming reports.”


Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, June 3, 2009.

Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): Increase in personal income reflects impact of fiscal stimulus

“Personal income rose 0.5% in April following a 0.2% drop in the prior month. Wages and salaries held steady in April, while an increase in unemployment compensation and credit from the program Making Work Pay accounted for the big jump in personal income. Consumer spending after adjusting for inflation fell 0.1% in April, putting the second quarter projected decline in consumer spending around 2.0%.


“Saving as percent of disposable income increased to 5.7%, up from 4.5% in March and 0.0% in May 08.”


Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust – Daily Global Commentary, June 1, 2009.

John Authers (Financial Times): Inflation expectations are rising

“The last time inflation expectations were this high was the week before the Lehman collapse last September, says John Authers.”


Click here for the article.

Source: John Authers, Financial Times, June 2, 2009.

Richard Koo (Nomura): Ignore sovereign ratings

“The threat of rating agency downgrades to the debt of countries in balance sheet recessions, such as the US and UK, should be ignored by financial authorities and market participants, says Richard Koo, chief economist at Nomura.

“He argues that this is because fiscal expansion is the only remedy available to fight a recession caused by a private sector minimising debt instead of maximising profits.

“Mr Koo points to the top ratings given to securities built from subprime mortgages as evidence that agencies are far from being omniscient. He also notes that the agencies offered no meaningful justification for their downgrades of Japan’s debt a decade ago.

“‘Ultimately, market participants – fed up with unrealistic demands of rating agencies – ended up ignoring their ratings. Despite the fact that Japan was assigned a lower credit rating than Botswana for some time, Japanese government bond yields have remained at historic lows throughout the last 10 years.’

“Mr Koo says it was due to market participants ignoring rating agencies and continuing to buy JGBs that Japan’s government could cheaply fund its fiscal outlays, which ultimately allowed the economy to pull itself out of recession.

“‘Agencies’ actions can hinder governments trying to implement the right policies. It is to be hoped that UK and US officials and bond investors have the same courage as their Japanese counterparts.'”

Source: Richard Koo, Nomura (via Financial Times), June 2, 2009.

Financial Times: Konyn on Asia’s risk of UK-style ratings downgrade

“Mark Konyn, chief executive of RCM Asia-Pacific, a unit of Allianz Global Investors which manages $11 billion in assets, assesses the risk of Asia suffering a UK-style ratings downgrade and gives his outlook for Japan.”


Source: Financial Times, June 1, 2009.

Financial Times: Leverage creeps back on to the radar

“Investors and policymakers have been scouring the financial landscape looking for green shoots.

“One hint of these can be found in an elegant building in London’s Knightsbridge district, which houses the CQS funds.


“A few months ago, hedge funds such as CQS, one of Europe’s largest credit funds, were finding it almost impossible to get leverage, or loans from banks to trade. The shock of the Lehman Brothers collapse left banks frantically hoarding any cash they had.

“Now CQS says the climate is easing – a touch.

“‘At the peak of the euphoria you would get 20 times leverage. It was mad,’ says Michael Hintze, a former Goldman Sachs trader who co-founded CQS a decade ago. ‘Then it all disappeared. You could hardly get any leverage at all last autumn.

“‘[But] now we can get three times leverage on many assets. Not all – you cannot get leverage on most asset backed securities [such as mortgage bonds] or many Asian assets.

“‘There is still a lot of unwinding to go. But it is improving. It started to improve in late March and into early April.'”

Source: Gillian Tett, Financial Times, June 1, 2009.

BCA Research: The real reason behind the Treasury selloff

“The Treasury selloff in recent weeks is largely due to an escalation in the real component of yields, and more specifically due to a significant increase in the term premium.

“While inflation expectations have drifted higher in recent weeks, the majority of the selloff in yields has been centered in the real component. Real yields are normally correlated with growth expectations, however this time the blowout appears to be linked to various sources of uncertainty not directly linked to the economic outlook.

“While measures of short-term uncertainty pertaining to credit risk (such as the VIX) have collapsed, other measures of bond market volatility have surged along with uncertainty over the long-run effects of policymakers’ actions. Thus much of the increase in the real component of yield is explained by a backup in the term premium, a measure of the compensation bond investors receive for assuming the risk that yields do not follow the path discounted in the forwards curve.

“Our sense is that the term premium has seen its structural low and is embarking on a multi-year uptrend. On a cyclical basis however, the rise in the term premium seems overdone. Bottom line: The term premium is extremely elevated and more likely to fall than rise in the months ahead, which should limit the upside for Treasury yields from current levels.”


Source: BCA Research, June 3, 2009.

Financial Times: Bond yields attract interest

“The unprecedented steps taken by central banks in response to the credit crisis have bolstered confidence in the global economy’s recovery prospects and fuelled strong gains for equities and commodity markets since March.

“The Bank of England and European Central Bank are both expected to keep interest rates on hold on Thursday, but mounting upward pressure on long-term bond yields will focus attention on whether policymakers are considering extending unconventional measures to support liquidity and confidence.

“While rising bond yields reflect the continuing improvement seen in leading indicators – a significant theme of this week’s data releases – lingering doubts remain over the effectiveness of quantitative easing as surveys of credit conditions indicate that financing for many companies remains problematic.”

Source: Chris Flood, Financial Times, May 31, 2009.

Reuters: Federal Reserve puzzled by yield curve steepening

“The Federal Reserve is studying significant moves in the US government bond market last week that could have big implications for the central bank’s strategy to combat the country’s recession.

“But the Fed is not really sure what is driving the sharp rise in long-dated bond yields, and especially a widening gap between short and long term yields.

“Do rising US Treasury yields and a steepening yield curve suggest an economic recovery is more certain, meaning less need for safe haven government bonds and a healthy demand for credit? If so, there might be less need for the Fed to expand the money supply by buying more US Treasuries.

“Or does the steepening yield curve mean investors are worried about the deterioration in the US fiscal outlook, or the potential for a collapse in the US dollar as the Fed floods the world with newly minted currency as part of its quantitative easing program. This might be an argument to augment to step up asset purchases.

“Another possibility is that China, the largest foreign holder of US Treasury debt, has decided to refocus its portfolio by leaning more heavily on shorter-term maturities.

“With officials still grappling to divine the factors steepening the yield curve, a speedy decision on whether to ramp up the Treasury debt purchase program or the related plan to snap up mortgage-related debt seems unlikely.

“‘I’m in wait-and-see mode,’ said one Fed official who spoke on the condition of anonymity. ‘We laid out the asset purchase plan and we’re following it. That is going to have some affect on various interest rates, but together with a hundred other things. So I don’t think we should be chasing a long-term interest rate,’ the official said.

“Economists at Barclays Capital in New York have argued that the Fed should announce plans to increase its planned purchases of longer-dated Treasuries to $1 trillion from $300 billion to drive yields back down, lower home mortgage rates again, and support the embryonic economic recovery.”

Source: Alister Bull, Reuters, May 31, 2009.

Bespoke: 30-year mortgage rates

“Much has been said about the rise in mortgage rates over the past few weeks. Market participants are worried that the Fed’s actions are not working, and that this will impede already fearful potential homebuyers from making purchases. Below is a historical chart of the national average 30-year fixed mortgage rate. After making a ten-year low in late April at 4.85%, rates have jumped 50 basis points to 5.35%. The jump is significant, but 5.35% is still extremely low compared to the 10-year average. Unfortunately, the direction of rates seems to impact consumer psychology more than the actual level.”


Source: Bespoke, June 4, 2009.

Bespoke: Default risk continues its decline

“As the stock market continues higher, corporate default risk continues to decline. Below is a chart of the IBOX North American CDS (credit default swap) Index that looks at default risk for 125 investment grade entities. After finally topping out a few months ago, default risk is now down 35% from its highs. While credit default swap prices have fallen quite a bit, they’re still at historically elevated levels, and the IBOX index remains just above its pre-Lehman levels.”


Source: Bespoke, June 4, 2009

Bespoke: Most overbought ETFs

“With stocks rallying around the world, the many ETFs that track various equity markets have moved significantly above their 50-day moving averages. Below we highlight the most overbought ETFs in relation to their 50-day moving averages. v”As shown, the Russian stock market ETF (RSX) is the most overbought, trading 36.17% above its 50-day. India (INP) ranks second at 35.72%, followed by the steel ETF (SLX), emerging market Europe (GUR), metals and mining (XME), and Singapore (EWS). The majority of the ETFs on this list track countries. The rest are generally concentrated in the commodities area.”


Source: Bespoke, June 2, 2009.

Bespoke: Investors Intelligence Sentiment Survey

“The most recent Investors Intelligence weekly sentiment survey showed that the spread between bullish (42.5%) and bearish (25.3%) newsletter writers reached its highest level since January 2008. While high levels of bullish sentiment are typically a contrarian market signal, we would note that even with the recent increase, the current spread between bulls and bears (17.2%) is still below the ten-year average of 19%.”


Source: Bespoke, June 3, 2009.

Financial Times: Investors sceptical on stock market rebound

“The majority of the world’s leading investors do not believe the recent strong performance of stocks and other risky assets is sustainable, according to a report released on Monday.

“The FTSE All World equities index has surged more than 60% since hitting a low for the year in March.

“But Barclays Capital has revealed that just 17.5% of the 605 investors interviewed for its quarterly FX investor sentiment survey – including central banks, asset managers, hedge funds and international corporate customers – think risky assets have further to rise.

“This is one aspect of a generally gloomy outlook for the global economy, which undermines optimism that ‘green shoots’ of recovery are starting to emerge.

“Just 4.5% of respondents believe the trajectory of the global economy over the next year will be ‘V-shaped’ – indicating weakness followed by a sharp recovery.

“Investors are most optimistic on Asia’s prospects, with 57.5% believing emerging market currencies in the region will outperform those in Latin America and eastern Europe in the next three months.

“‘There is a very strong consensus that Asia will be the beneficiary of the ‘China effect’,’ said Mr Woo.

“‘There is strong faith that China’s massive stimulus programme will boost the economy and the region.'”

Source: Peter Garnham, Financial Times, June 1, 2009.

Yahoo Finance, Tech Ticker: A bull in March, Doug Kass now sees “potholes on the road to higher prices”

“Doug Kass, founder and president of Seabreeze Partners, is a rare bird, having been both bearish at the top in late 2007 and bullish at the bottom in March 2009. Once a dedicated short-seller, Kass opened a long-short fund in January 2009 and made a ‘generational low’ call on the market the week of the March 9 lows.

“At The Big Picture Conference in New York Wednesday, Kass told me he still believes those March lows will hold and isn’t expecting any major downdraft for the Dow and S&P. But the veteran hedge fund manager believes the S&P is now likely to settle into an 890-to-950 trading range and said his prior upside target of 1050 for the S&P now seems ‘ambitious’.”

Source: Yahoo Finance, Tech Ticker, June 4, 2009.

Donald Luskin (SmartMoney): Good news has arrived for investors

“I’m happy to report that my very favorite macroeconomic indicator has turned positive. I’m not talking about Friday’s surprisingly not-bad jobs report. It’s something I like even more.

“It’s my favorite because it has nothing to do with macroeconomics, and it is based on analysis that is always wrong. And yet, it works.

“I’m talking about consensus forward earnings for the stock market. That means taking all the Wall Street analysts’ guesses for earnings one year in the future for whatever companies they happen to cover, averaging them, and then capitalization-weighting them so you get the aggregate consensus for the whole S&P 500.

“No analyst’s estimate for a particular company is a forecast of the overall economy. It may take the economy into account in some way, but it’s mostly just a forecast for what a single company will do.

“And as we all know, Wall Street analysts are almost always way off target. They’re generally way too bullish. And a lot of people believe they’re corrupt, as well, giving flattering appraisals of companies that their investment firms would like to do business with.

“But it turns out that when you average them all together, their errors and their biases cancel out. And in the aggregate, they can be used as a bottom-up view forecast of the whole economy.

“And it works. Turning points in aggregate consensus forward earnings for the S&P 500 — that is, when they’ve stopped growing and started falling – have perfectly forecasted the last three recessions, including the current one.

“And when they turned up, they perfectly forecasted the recoveries from the last two recessions. The great news is that they’re on the very verge of turning up right now. It’s just a matter of days.

“Three months ago, within days of the bottom in stocks, aggregate forward earnings started to turn around. It was less than a ringing endorsement at first. It just meant that the decline in earnings was now expected to get less bad – not that earnings would actually grow. But it was a perfect buy signal.

“And now aggregate forward earnings are on the verge of forecasting that earnings growth is back. It’s a buy signal. And if the pattern holds, it will be a good one.

“So call me a cautious bull. I now have almost no doubt that the recession is over. I am very confident that stocks won’t make new lower lows in this cycle. So at the very least, I can conclude that there’s more room on the upside than on the downside.”

Click here for the full article.

Source: Donald Luskin, SmartMoney, June 5, 2009.

Bloomberg: Boockvar says Dow in “new era” without GM, Citigroup

“Peter Boockvar, an equity strategist at Miller Tabak & Co., talks with Bloomberg’s Deirdre Bolton and Erik Schatzker about the removal of General Motors Corp. and Citigroup Inc. from the Dow Jones Industrial Average. GM and Citigroup were replaced by Cisco Systems Inc. and Travelers Cos. Boockvar also discusses the outlook for stocks and bonds, Federal Reserve policy and investment strategy.”


Source: Bloomberg, June 1, 2009.

Bloomberg: Mobius says money supply to “explode”, lift markets

“The money supply is set to ‘explode’ worldwide and boost emerging-market stocks as central banks pump cash into the financial system to counter the global recession, Templeton Asset Management’s Mark Mobius said.

“‘Everyone is scared of deflation, so they are printing money,’ Mobius, who helps oversee about $20 billion of emerging-market assets as executive chairman of Templeton, said at a press briefing in London. ‘It’s beginning to flow out, with greater confidence, into emerging markets.’

“The MSCI Emerging Markets Index, a 22-country benchmark for developing-nation equities, surged 37% this year as central banks led by the US Federal Reserve reduced interest rates and purchased assets to revive economic growth. The European Central Bank and the Bank of England today kept their benchmark interest rates at the lowest levels on record.

“The Fed said its M2 gauge of money supply, which includes all currency held by consumers and companies for spending, money held in checking accounts and travelers checks, savings and private holdings in money-market funds, rose at a 9% annual rate in the week ended May 18, above the target of 5% the Fed once set for maximum growth. The central bank no longer has a formal target.

“Mobius, voted among the ‘Top Ten Money Managers of the 20th Century’ by the Carson Group, said emerging-market equities will rise faster than developed-country stocks and that Templeton is buying shares in Russia. The nation’s benchmark RTS Index has jumped 75% this year, the second-best performing market worldwide after Peru.”

Source: Michael Patterson, Bloomberg, June 5, 2009.

Michael Hartnett (Banc of America Securities-Merrill Lynch): Gulf equity markets

“Gulf equity markets look like a compelling trade for investors seeking laggards in emerging markets, says Michael Hartnett, chief global equity strategist at Banc of America Securities-Merrill Lynch.

“‘Emerging markets are up 33% this year and inflows into the asset class remain strong,’ he says. ‘By contrast, Gulf markets are up just 1.2% year to date and inflows are non-existent.’

“Mr Hartnett points out that Gulf equities have not only lagged behind the surging oil price, but also Russia’s equity market.

“‘Russia has oil; the Gulf has oil. Russian equities are up 67% in 2009; Gulf equities are up 1% in 2009,’ he says. ‘Oil prices are above $60 a barrel and likely to rise further, according to our commodities team. Gulf markets tend to lag movements in the oil price by about three months.’

“He notes that emerging market small-cap shares, a group of stocks that, like the Gulf, are often deemed ‘risky and illiquid’, started to significantly outperform EM large caps in the past month. ‘Gulf equities have room to catch up with the rally in small-caps,’ says Mr Hartnett.

v”Within the region, he believes Dubai is the best trading buy. ‘It is hard to find much that has underperformed US banks in the past three years,’ he says. ‘But Dubai has, thanks to a real estate and oil bust. In addition, Dubai has been a big underperformer relative to regional Gulf markets.'”

Source: Michael Hartnett, Banc of America Securities-Merrill Lynch (via Financial Times), June 1, 2009.

Bloomberg: Gross says diversify from dollar as deficits surge

“Bill Gross, founder of Pacific Investment Management Co., advised holders of US dollars to diversify before central banks and sovereign wealth funds ultimately do the same amid concern about surging deficits.

“Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner’s plan to bring the budget back into balance won’t be successful as consumers shrink spending and the US growth rate slows, Gross said in a Bloomberg Radio interview today [Thursday]. The budget deficit will be narrowed to ‘roughly’ 3% of GDP from a projected 12.9% this year, Geithner said June 1.

“‘I think he’ll fail at pulling a balanced rabbit out of a hat,’ Gross said from Pimco’s headquarters in Newport Beach, California. ‘They are talking about – once the economy in the US renormalizes – the move back toward balance or much less of a deficit. I suspect that will be hard to do.”

“Higher savings rates and an increase in the cost to service the national debt will drag on the US economy, likely meaning ‘trillion-dollar deficits are here to stay’, Gross wrote in his June investment outlook posted today on the firm’s Web site.

“The US growth rate ‘requires a government checkbook for years to come,’ Gross wrote. Coupled with Medicare and Social Security entitlements, government borrowing could reach 300% of GDP, meaning ‘the Chinese and other surplus nations cannot fund the deficit even if they were fully on board,’ he wrote.

“China, the largest US creditor, with $767.9 billion of debt, has shifted purchases of Treasuries into shorter-maturity securities amid concern about unprecedented debt sales.”

Source: Dakin Campbell, Bloomberg, June 4, 2009.

Numis Master: Zimbabwe may yet defeat inflation

“What do you do with obsolete coins or bank notes even collectors don’t want? If you live in the United States you hawk them to unsophisticated buyers who fancy themselves as investors or collectors, selling them through television home shopping networks, Sunday newspaper ads, or via telemarketing. If you live in the African nation of Zimbabwe, where television, newspapers, and telephones are a luxury, you sell your obsolete coins or bank notes to tourists.

“That, according to the March 23 The Globe and Mail newspaper, is exactly what Zimbabwe’s street hawkers are doing. The now defunct Z$100-trillion bank notes are being sold to foreign tourists for Z$2 each – in some foreign currency rather than in Zimbabwe dollars, of course!

“Obsolete coins for sale, you ask? Don’t count on it. Since the coins have metal content they will likely sell for their scrap value, even if their face value is so low the coins won’t buy anything. According to The Globe and Mail, ‘The currency with the never-ending string of zeroes is quickly fading into history, just two months after the latest notes were printed by the inexhaustible central bank. Also disappearing is Zimbabwe’s phenomenal level of hyperinflation, which last year reached a stunning 89.7 sextillion percent (a number expressed with 21 zeroes), making it the most extreme hyperinflation crisis of any country in modern times.’

“After a number of currency reforms that ended in failure it appears the government may have finally found a formula that works. According to the newspaper account, ‘Zimbabwe’s new coalition government has cracked both problems with an absurdly simple solution: It has abruptly switched to foreign currencies, allowing customers to pay for products with US dollars or South African rand or Botswana pula. The entire economy, almost overnight, has switched to a unique system of multiple foreign currencies.’

“‘The dollarization (and rand-ization and pula-ization) of the Zimbabwean economy,’ The Globe and Mail article continues, ‘has finally slain the dragon of hyperinflation, providing the first fragile signs of hope for a devastated country.”

Source: Richard Giedroyc, Numis Master, June 1, 2009.

Bloomberg: Commodities rise most in 24 years; Goldman sees gain

“Manufacturers preparing for an economic rebound are rebuilding inventories of everything from benzene to plywood, sparking a commodities rally that Goldman Sachs Group Inc. says will produce 19% returns in a year.

“The Journal of Commerce index that tracks prices of 18 industrial materials gained 9.5% in May, the most in a month since the measure began in 1985. Goldman’s forecast on May 8 would beat the firm’s estimate for a 4% rise in the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index this year.

“Aurubis AG, the top manufacturer of copper-wire rods for cars, said last week that demand improved since April. Huntsman Corp., the biggest maker of epoxy adhesives, said May 8 that second-quarter results will benefit from improved sales to customers who have depleted stockpiles. Dow Chemical Co., the largest US chemical maker, said its plants operated at 70% of capacity in April, up from 45% in December.

“While the US economy contracted 6.3% in the fourth quarter and probably will shrink 2.8% this year, based on the median estimates in a Bloomberg survey of 61 economists, commodity prices show that investors and corporate purchasing agents anticipate a rebound will begin later this year.

“‘When you see copper and commodities doing well, then it’s a sign that there are meaningful parts of the global economy that are stronger,’ said Evan Smith, co-manager of the San Antonio-based US Global Investors Global Resources Fund, which is up 37% this year. ‘We like the outlook for commodities right now.'”

Source: Millie Munshi, Bloomberg, June 2, 2009.

Bloomberg: Northwestern Mutual makes first gold buy in 152 years

“Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co., the third-largest US life insurer by 2008 sales, has bought gold for the first time the company’s 152-year history to hedge against further asset declines.

“‘Gold just seems to make sense; it’s a store of value,’ Chief Executive Officer Edward Zore said in an interview following his comments at a conference hosted by Standard & Poor’s in Brooklyn. ‘In the Depression, gold did very, very well.’

“Northwestern Mutual has accumulated about $400 million in gold, and Zore said the price could double or even rise fivefold if the economy continues to weaken. Gold gained 10% last month, the most since November. The commodity has more than tripled since 2000, rising for eight straight years.

“‘The downside risk is limited, but the upside is large,’ Zore said. ‘We have stocks in our portfolio that lost 95%.’ Gold ‘is not going down to $90.'”

Source: Andrew Frye, Bloomberg, June 4, 2009.

CommodityOnline: IMF gold sale – US congress approval next week

“The International Monetary Fund’s decision to sell its gold reserves could get the necessary approval from the US Congress next week.

“At the G20 summit in London in April, participating countries agreed the IMF could sell 403.3 metric tons of gold as part of efforts to leverage up to $6 billion in concessional loans for low-income countries over the next few years.

“In order for the sale to proceed, 85% of IMF shareholders need to approve the proposal. Since the US has 17% of the votes, it has a de facto veto over the proposal, which requires Congressional approval, but IMF Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn told Dow Jones Newswires this week he expects Congress will soon approve the sale.

“On Friday, analysts said US Congress may approve International Monetary Fund gold sales as early as next week.

“‘This issue appears now fully priced into the gold market and any announcement confirming sales should not move the market – apart from perhaps a knee-jerk reaction,’ said John Reade, an analyst at UBS.”

Source: CommodityOnline, May 29, 2009.

Bespoke: Oil up 99% in 75 trading days

“Oil has rallied more over the last 75 trading days than it did at any time during its entire bubble run from 2001-2008. In fact, its current rally of 99% since the February 12 low is nearly double the highest 75-day rally during the last oil bull (From December 2001 to April 2002, oil rallied 55% over 75-days.)

“Oil has also gone from $33.75 to $67.75 in just 75 trading days. During the 2001-2008 oil bubble, it took 409 trading days to complete the same task from January 2004 to August 2005. While many investors are arguing that oil’s rally is a good sign for the global economy and equity markets, let’s hope it doesn’t keep up the pace, or else we’ll be right back to $150 in no time.”


Source: Bespoke, June 2, 2009.

Bloomberg: JPMorgan hires supertanker for storage

“JPMorgan Chase & Co., the second largest US bank by deposits, hired a newly built supertanker to store heating oil off Malta, shipbrokers reported, in the company’s first such booking in at least five years.

“The bank hired the Front Queen for nine months, according to daily reports from Oslo-based SeaLeague A/S and Athens-based Optima Shipbrokers. David Wells, a spokesman for JPMorgan in London, declined to comment.

“JPMorgan, which has never hired an oil tanker based on data compiled by Bloomberg going back five years, follows companies including Citigroup Inc.’s Phibro LLC unit and BP Plc in hiring ships to store crude or oil products at sea. The firms are seeking to take advantage of higher prices later in the year.”

Source: Alaric Nightingale, Bloomberg, June 4, 2009.

The Economic Times: Jim Rogers – fund managers can become farmers

“Even if you are outright bearish, don’t short the market. Stocks could touch crazy levels, but they may be in currencies which are worthless.

“Indeed, a sovereign default and currency turmoil could rattle world markets in a year or two. In a chat with the Economic Times, global investor Jim Rogers says cotton, silver and sugar can be hot picks.

“At one stage we were inundated with gloomy forecasts, which were further reinforced by the IMF and World Bank. And then suddenly stocks surged – something most were not prepared for. How risky is the market today?

“Central banks all over the world have printed huge amounts of money, and the real economy is not strong enough for all this money to be absorbed … so, it’s going into stocks and real assets such as commodities. It’s a mistake what they are doing. It’s giving short-term pleasure, but there’s long-term pain as we are going to have much higher inflation, much higher interest rates and a worse economy down the road.

“The American bond market is already beginning to go down dramatically as people realise that the American government has to sell huge amount of bonds, and secondly, there is going to be inflation, serious inflation, as it was always in the past when you had governments printing huge amounts of money.

“Stocks are rising even as fiscal deficit is widening. Somewhere it has to snap … It’s going to snap. Later this year, next year, we are going to have currency problems, maybe even a currency crisis. I don’t know with which currency – maybe with the pound sterling, maybe with the US dollar, who knows. It maybe with something none of us have at the moment. When you have a currency crisis, stocks will be affected, many things will be affected. It is not sound, what’s happening out there in the world.”

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Source: The Economic Times, June 4, 2009.

Steve Barrow (Standard Bank): Latvia – return of risk aversion

“Current tensions in Latvia could be a catalyst for a return of broader risk aversion, warns Steve Barrow, currency strategist at Standard Bank.

“‘Latvia might seem distant from other countries and markets, but as we saw with the US subprime crisis, the flap of a so-called ‘butterfly wing’ in some remote area can cause a hurricane for other markets,’ he says.

“Mr Barrow says it is not surprising that Swedish banking stocks and the krona have been unsettled by the possibility of a Latvian devaluation.

“‘Swedish bank loans to Latvia account for almost 60% of Latvia’s overseas liabilities on an immediate borrower basis.”

“But he says it should be remembered that European banks excluding Sweden account for the rest of Latvia’s overseas liabilities – so if Latvia’s problems intensify, there could be a hit for the eurozone, and the euro, as well.

“A key issue is whether there would be any contagion effect. ‘Any Latvian devaluation could impinge on other Baltic countries,’ he says. Moreover, if banking problems develop in creditor countries like Sweden, they could spill over to other banks in developed markets.

“‘In short we feel this situation is worth watching – and not just for its impact on the krona. It does have the capacity to lift risk-aversion at a time when there are already some very tentative signs that risk-taking might be about to wane a bit.'”

Source: Steve Barrow, Standard Bank (via Financial Times), June 4, 2009.

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