What Happened Before the Big Bang?


Source: BBC 2015

 

The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution. The model accounts for the fact that the universe expanded from a very high density and high temperature state, and offers a comprehensive explanation for a broad range of observed phenomena, including the abundance of light elements, the cosmic microwave background, large scale structure, and Hubble’s Law. If the known laws of physics are extrapolated beyond where they are valid, there is a singularity. Modern measurements place this moment at approximately 13.8 billion years ago, which is thus considered the age of the universe. After the initial expansion, the universe cooled sufficiently to allow the formation of subatomic particles, and later simple atoms. Giant clouds of these primordial elements later coalesced through gravity to form stars and galaxies.

Since Georges Lemaître first noted, in 1927, that an expanding universe might be traced back in time to an originating single point, scientists have built on his idea of cosmic expansion. While the scientific community was once divided between supporters of two different expanding universe theories, the Big Bang and the Steady State theory, accumulated empirical evidence provides strong support for the former. In 1929, from analysis of galactic redshifts, Edwin Hubble concluded that galaxies are drifting apart, important observational evidence consistent with the hypothesis of an expanding universe. In 1965, the cosmic microwave background radiation was discovered, which was crucial evidence in favor of the Big Bang model, since that theory predicted the existence of background radiation throughout the universe before it was discovered. More recently, measurements of the redshifts of supernovae indicate that the expansion of the universe is accelerating, an observation attributed to dark energy’s existence. The known physical laws of nature can be used to calculate the characteristics of the universe in detail back in time to an initial state of extreme density and temperature.

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  1. abbottmd commented on Nov 1

    The video link didn’t work, and the text above only describes what happened AFTER the big bang. I really was hoping to learn something new!

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    ADMIN: Fixed!

  2. davebarnes commented on Nov 1

    “What Happened Before the Big Bang?”
    Ronald Reagan rode a dinosaur into battle against the evil Democrats.
    You ask the silliest questions.
    Just read your “Bible” and know the TRUTH.

  3. Jojo commented on Nov 1

    What Happened Before the Big Bang?
    ————
    Before OUR big bang there already existed an infinite number of other universes, all part of the bigger multiverse, which itself might just be part of even bigger multiverse, ad infinitum…

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